Related Research

There is a growing body of research on media use in the Middle East. Below are some of the studies we have found useful.

Abu-Lughod, L. (2005). Dramas of nationhood: The politics of television in Egypt. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Adams, M. (2014). Music and the Play of Power in the Middle East, North Africa and Central Asia. Journal of the Musical Arts in Africa, 11(1), 129-132.

Al-Jenaibi, B. (2011). The use of social media in the United Arab Emirates: An initial study. European Journal of Social Sciences, 23(1), 87-100.

Ayyad, K. (2011). Internet usage vs. traditional media usage among university students in the United Arab Emirates. Journal of Arab & Muslim Media Research, 4(1), 41–61.

Aziz, M. A. (2010). Arab music videos and their implications for Arab music and media, in Collected Work: Music and media in the Arab world. 77-90.

Boulianne, S. (2015). Social media use and participation: a meta-analysis of current research. Information, Communication & Society, 18(5), 524-538.

Chouikha, L. (2007). Satellite television in the Maghreb: Plural reception and interference of identities. History & Anthropology, 18(3), 367-377.

Christensen, M. (2013). New media geographies and the Middle East. Television & New Media, 14(4), 267-270.

Cottle, S. (2011). Media and the Arab uprisings of 2011: Research notes. Journalism, 12(5), 647-659.

Courmont, B., & Clément, P. A. (2014). When Geopolitics Meets the Game Industry: A Study of Arabic Video Games and What They Teach Us. Hemispheres, 29(1), 31.

Deeb, M.-J. (2012). The 99: Superhero Comic Books from the Arab World. Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East, 32(2), 391–407.

Deloitte, Dubai Press Club, Arab Media Outlook, 2011-2015. Retrieved April 2014 from

Dennis, E. E., Martin, J. D., & Wood, R. (2015). Media use in the Middle East: A six-nation survey. Retrieved from

Dennis, E. E., Martin, J. D., & Wood, R. (2014). Entertainment media use in the Middle East: A six-nation survey. Retrieved from

Dennis, E. E., Martin, J. D., & Wood, R. (2013). Media use in the Middle East: An eight-nation survey. Retrieved from

Dickinson, K. (2012). IN FOCUS: Middle Eastern Media. Cinema Journal, 52(1), 132–136.

Digital Entertainment Survey 2013, (2013). Retrieved April 2014 from http://www.des2013.

Downey, A. (Ed.). (2014). Uncommon Grounds: New Media and Critical Practices in North Africa and the Middle East. IB Tauris.

Edelman Global Entertainment Survey (2013). Retrieved April 2014 http://www.edelman. com/insights/intellectual-property/2013-edelman-global-entertainment-study.

Edelman Insights (2013). Edelman Global Entertainment Survey. EdelmanInsights/2013-edelman-global-entertainment-survey.

Ess, C., & Sudweeks, F. (2003). Technologies of Despair and Hope: Liberatory Potentials and Practices of CMC in the Middle East. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 8(2).

Frishkopf, M. (2010). The Controversy over Satellite Music Television in Contemporary Egypt. In M. Frishkopf (Ed.), Music and Media in the Arab World (pp. 173–217). American University in Cairo Press.

Hroub, K. (2012). Religious broadcasting in the Middle East. New York: Columbia University Press.

Ipsos. (2013). Online audience measurement in the Arab world. Retrieved from

Kamal, S., & Chu, S. C. (2012). Beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors toward advertising on social media in the Middle East: a study of young consumers in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. International Journal of Internet Marketing and Advertising, 7(3), 237-259.

Khalil, J. F. (2015). An Arab Perspective. Digital Technology and the Future of Broadcasting: Global Perspectives, 109.

Khoury, M. (2005). Origins and patterns in the discourse of new Arab cinema. Arab Studies Quarterly, 27(1/2), 1–20.

Kraidy, M. (2010). Reality television and Arab politics: Contention in public life. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Kraidy, M. & Khalil J. (2009). Arab television industries. London: Palgrave MacMillan.

Kraidy, M. M. (2012). Contention and circulation in the digital Middle East: Music video as catalyst. Television & New Media, 1527476412463450.

Lahlali, E. M. (2016). Arab Media Discourse: Breaking Taboos. Kervan. International Journal of Afro-Asiatic Studies, (13&14).

Limbrick, P. (2012). Cultural encounters in the Arab world: On media, the modern, and the everyday. Cinema Journal, 52(1), 173–175.

Lynch, M. (2015). How the Media Trashed the Transitions. Journal of Democracy, 26(4), 90-99.

Mahajan, V., & Zehr, D. (2012). The Arab world unbound: Tapping into the power of 350 million consumers. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Martin, J. D., Martins, R. J. & Wood, R. (2015). Desire for cultural preservation as a predictor of support for entertainment media censorship in Saudi Arabia, Qatar, and the UAE. Paper presented to the World Association for Public Opinion Research, Doha, March 7.

Martin, J. D. & Schoenbach, K. (2016, forthcoming). Predictors of blogging activity in six Arab countries. International Communication Gazette, 78.

Matar, D. (2007). Heya TV: A feminist counterpublic for Arab women? Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa, & the Middle East, 27(3), 513–524.

Nötzold, K., & Pies, J. (2010). 'Going local' as a strategy to enter Arab national television markets: Examples from Lebanon and Jordan. Middle East Journal of Culture and Communication, 3(1), 43-62.

Sabry, T. (2012). Arab Cultural Studies: Mapping the Field. New York: I.B.Tauris.

Sakr, N. (2007). Arab television today. New York: I.B. Tauris.

Sakr, N. (Ed.). (2015). Arab Media Moguls: Community, Legitimacy and Public Life. New York: IB Tauris.

Salem, F., Mourtada, R., Alshaer, S. (2013) 5th Arab social media report. Dubai School of Government. Retrieved from

Scherer, J., & Rowe, D. (2013). Sport, public broadcasting, and cultural citizenship: signal lost? New York: Routledge.

Schoenbach, K., Wood, R. & Saeed, M. (2016). Media industries in the Middle East, 2016. Northwestern University in Qatar. Retrieved from

Shaw, A. (2010). Beyond comparison: Analysis of video games in the Middle East. Global Media Journal: American Edition, 9(16), 1–28.

Tawil Souri, H. (2007). The terrorists’ network: An analysis of “pro-Arab” video games. Presented at the annual meeting of The International Communication Association.

Telhami, S. (2013). The world through Arab eyes: Arab public opinion and the reshaping of the Middle East. New York: Basic Books.

Wilson, C., & Dunn, A. (2011). The Arab Spring: Digital media in the Egyptian revolution: International Journal of Communication, 5, 25.

Wolfsfeld, G., Segev, E., & Sheafer, T. (2013). Social media and the Arab Spring politics comes first. The International Journal of Press/Politics, 18(2), 115-137.

Yanarda˘go˘glu, E. and Karam, I.N. (2013). The Fever That Hit Arab Satellite Television: Audience Perceptions of Turkish TV Series. Identities: Global Studies in Culture and Power, 20(5) 561–79.

Zayani, M. (2011). Media, popular culture and contestatory politics in the contemporary Middle East. International Journal of Media & Cultural Politics, 7(1), 85–99.