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The countries included in this study are Egypt, Lebanon, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia, and the United Arab Emirates. These six countries were chosen to represent a broad spectrum of populations across the Arab region, including those in the Arab Gulf, North Africa, and the Levant. Social and Economic Survey Research Institute (SESRI) at Qatar University administered the interviews in Qatar, and Pan Arab Research Center (PARC) administered  the interviews in all other countries.

Sampling procedures varied somewhat by country, but the methodology was designed to ensure representation of the national adult population in each country, which included national citizens in some counties (Egypt and Lebanon) and national citizens and expatriates in the other countries (Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia and the UAE). Groups not represented in the sample include: visitors with no residence permit, farmers, servants, the mentally disabled, and those in army barracks, hospitals, dormitories, prisons and labor camps. In Lebanon, residents in areas with heavy Hezbollah presence were also excluded.

The average interview length was 20-40 minutes, with variations based on language and number of questions asked. The total number of questions asked varied based on responses to previous questions.  For example, some questions were asked only of internet users, those who used a particular type of media for entertainment, and respondents with children under 18 in their home.

A summary of completed interviews and response rates by country is as follows:

Country Completed interviews Response Rate %
Egypt 1,002 48%
Lebanon 1,000 50%
Qatar 1,003 52%
Saudi Arabia 1,009 78%
Tunisia 1,016 86%
United Arab Emirates 1,005 82%
Total 6,035 62%

Data weighting was applied in Egypt, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia and the United Arab Emirates to ensure representation across these countries. Data weighting was not required in Lebanon, as the sample was representative of the surveyed population, taking into account Governorates gender and age of respondents.  Rim weighting was used in Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia and the United Arab Emirates. The weighting factors used include geography, ethnicity, age and gender. Weighting in Qatar used base weights reflecting sample selection probability, adjustment factors to account for non-response and calibration to make survey results were in line with population numbers based on the most recent Qatar Census

Details about the sample and methodology in each of the participating countries are provided below.  The descriptions show margin of sampling error based on all interviews conducted in each country, supporting a 95% confidence level. For results based on the full sample in a given country, one can say with 95% confidence that the error attributable to sampling and other random effects is plus or minus the margin of error.

Total Sample
Sample Size 6035
Margin of Error +/- 1.3 percentage points
Egypt
Sample Design Multi-stage random probability sampling procedure
Mode Face-to-face, adults 18 plus
Languages Arabic
Fieldwork Dates February 3 - 24, 2014
Sample Size 1002
Margin of Error +/- 3.2 Percentage Points
Representative Adult populations, less visitors with no residence permit, farmers, servants, the mentally disabled, and those in labor camps
Lebanon
Sample Design Multi-stage random probability sampling procedure
Mode Face-to-face adults 18, plus
Languages Arabic, English, French
Fieldwork Dates January 27 – February 17, 2014
Sample Size 1000
Margin of Error +/- 3.1 Percentage Points
Representative Adult populations, less visitors with no residence permit, farmers, servants, the mentally disabled, and those in labor camps, and potential respondents in areas with heavy Hezbollah presence
Qatar
Sample Design Randomized sample within the household using a constant fraction sampling procedure
Mode Face-to-face, adults 18 plus
Languages Arabic, English
Fieldwork Dates January 29 – February 26, 2014
Sample Size 1003
Margin of Error +/- 3.8 Percentage Points
Representative Adult population, less those who live in labor camps, army barracks, hospitals, dormitories, and prisons
Saudi Arabia
Sample Design Multi-stage random probability sampling procedure
Mode Face-to-face, adults 18 plus
Languages Arabic, English
Fieldwork Dates January 27 – February 24, 2014
Sample Size 1009
Margin of Error +/- 3.2 Percentage Points
Representative Adult populations, less visitors with no residence permit, farmers, servants, the mentally disabled, and those in labor camps
Tunisia
Sample Design Multi-stage random probability sampling procedure
Mode Face-to-face, adults 18 plus
Languages Arabic, English, French
Fieldwork Dates January 31 – February 24, 2014
Sample Size 1016
Margin of Error +/- 3.1 Percentage Points
Representative Adult populations, less visitors with no residence permit, farmers, servants, the mentally disabled, and those in labor camps.
United Arab Emirates
Sample Design Multi-stage random probability sampling procedure
Mode Face-to-face, adults 18 plus
Languages Arabic, English
Fieldwork Dates January 27 – February 25, 2014
Sample Size 1005
Margin of Error +/- 3.1 Percentage Points
Representative Adult populations, less visitors with no residence permit, farmers, servants, the mentally disabled, and those in labor camps

Margin of error = 1.96* sqrt ((50%*(1-50%)/n)).  Reported margins of error take into account data weighting.